History of the formation Kon Tum province

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According to the Ba Na language Kon village, Tum is a lake, with an explanation about the name of an ancient village near a big lake beside Dak Bla River.


Kon Tum ancient land is desolate land, a large land, who said to the lives of the indigenous peoples include Xo Dang, Bana, Gia Rai, Je – Triêng, Brau, Ro Mam. Every nation tied to a different habitat. Traditional social institutions of the indigenous people here are organized village, bringing isolated by a village elder who is most respected in the village, head. The population was scattered, isolated from the outside by jungles and rugged mountains, the native village is the microcosm of society, not a coalition government in the administration of powerful nations around like Great Vietnam, Chan Lap, Champa, Vientiane not control themselves here.


However, due to the location in the buffer zone between Champa and Chenla, in Kon Tum tribes often became the target of raids and slave trade. Until the 12th century, after defeating Chan Lap, the new governor Champa influence across the Highlands, the exclusive domination over this region.

Not until 1471, after King Le Thanh Tong conquered Champa, Champa government repel south (corresponding region from Khanh Hoa to Binh Thuan today), has sent emissaries recruit tribes in Highlands and annexed this land into the territory of Great Vietnam.

However, mainly due to government focus set on the coast of the new land, Dai Vietnamese court has not really establish control. The natives remain autonomous and more harmony with Scripture, which influenced the culture condemns the looting and arrest the slave. The park was named the town took office, primarily formalistic claims. 1540, the court of Le Trung Hung Bui Ta Han modifiers make land more weeks Nam – Ngai always concurrently managing the mountain peoples (Zhongshan – Highlands).

Until the Tay Son insurrection (1771-1786), three brothers Nguyen Nhac, Nguyen Hue and Nguyen Lu sent many messengers to strengthen cooperative relations with the tribes allied areas to create a solid rear as a springboard to make progress down the coast, and grave military and financial resources for war service.

Until Thieu Tri, 1840, Hue court to establish Seam Bok, a ruler Bana tribes Highlands, while allowing the Kinh and tribal ties are free to purchase, exchange. During this period, the Christian clergy also sought to pave the way to the plateau to evangelicals, including Kontum. History of the Catholic Church in Vietnam noted, after the visit paved the way in 1848, two French priests and seven Vietnamese teacher who has to Kontum and religious facility here in 1850. Two of the four media center The first teachers were placed in Kontum region today: Kon Kơ Xam (Combes charge by priests, missionaries Bahnar-Jolong tribe) and Kon Trang (Dourisboure charge by priests, missionaries Sedang tribe).

After fully captures the colonial authorities in Dai Nam, the French began to expand and advance control mining in the Central Highlands. In 1888, a French adventurer Mayrena French government for permission to go exploring in the Central Highlands in order to deal with the minority here and Indochina Governor Ernest Constans was then approved. By the trick, Mayrena has obtained a number of minorities (namely the two ethnic Ba Na and Xo Dang) and established the kingdom of sedang with Mayrena king, took the title of King Marie First, king Sedang. The capital of the kingdom of sedang at Long Rang village, now Kon Gu village, Ngoc Wang, Dak Ha District, Kon Tum Province, named Pelei AGNA or great city, some sources say that the name of the capital of the kingdom Maria Pelei Sedang country.

Then Mayrena back Quy Nhon and convince the French government acquired kingdom of sedang. After France refused this proposal, Mayrena to Hong Kong with the intention of reselling kingdom of sedang the British. On this occasion, the Ambassador Qui Nhon Guiomar sought to prevent Mayrena back, and put control of Highland, under envoy Quy Nhon. In 1892 the French government to set court administrative agency Kon Tum, by a French missionary Vialleton charge, under the legation of Binh Dinh.

French colonial period
July 4, 1904, the French government established Plei Ku Der province, including two administrative buildings as agents Kon Tum (formerly of Binh Dinh) and Cheo Reo (formerly of Phu Yen). April 25, 1907, the French government abolished the Plei Ku Der province. The whole land of Plei Ku province Der agents include two administrative buildings and Cheo Reo Kon Tum is merged back two provinces of Binh Dinh and Phu Yen as before.

February 9, 1913, the French government officially founded Kontum, including Kontum administrative agent separated from Binh Dinh, Cheo Reo administrative agent detached from Phu Yen, and agents operating Main Buon Ma Thuot. In 1917 France established administrative court Khe agents, including Tan An and regional ethnic minority under the rule of porcelain Kontum. July 2, 1923, established on the basis of Dak Lak Ban Me Thuot separating agents from Kon Tum province.

December 3, 1929, Kon Tum town was founded, in fact just the town, including the total Xinxiang and some ethnic minority village vicinity. May 25, 1932, separating agents from Kontum Pleiku to establish Pleiku Province. By the August 9, 1943, the administrative agent of An Khe was separated from Kon Tum, Pleiku province merged. Now the only remaining Kontum Xinxiang total land area and entire ethnic minorities.

Ethnic minority children and students volunteer campaign “Green Summer” stop playing soccer in communal sunset foam, Dakglei district, Kon Tum province
February 3, 1929, by decree of the Central States embassy, ​​total Xinxiang be made in the town of Kon Tum, Kon Tum town thus became the provincial town of Kon Tum province.

After the August Revolution, the government of Vietnam Democratic Republic was reorganized into 4 Kon Tum administrative units including Dakglei district, Dak, Konplong and Kon Tum town. June 26, 1946, the French recaptured Kontum and then handed nominal control of the National Vietnam (established in 1949) to establish Reigning king’s court. In fact, the ruling apparatus in here still on the old base of the French administration.

To the authorities of the Democratic Republic Vietnam, Kon Tum is managed administrative guidance of Central Party Committee and sub-committees of the national advocacy minority South Central. January 1947, Division 15, established, in which the core is Kon Tum province and the western districts of the two provinces of Quang Nam and Quang Ngai. In fact, the administrative organization of Kon Tum remains the same, but is managed and governed by Division 15 of the military operations. August 1947, 15 Highland Park was established, Kon Tum province is one of the administrative units under Zone 15 March 1950, under the policy of the Union V Regional Committee, Kon Tum and Gia Lai merged into Gia – Kon. October 1951, by decision of the Joint District V Commissioner, Kontum and Quang Ngai western districts consolidated into Western Front. In February 1954, Kon Tum province is the first and only one in the Highlands is completely liberated. Some time later, the Western Front was dissolved.

Republic of Vietnam
Population Kontum province in 1967, the county include Dak Sut Population 9690, 20 187 of Dak To, Kontum 48 722, a total population of 78,599.
After the Geneva Agreement was signed, the National Vietnam Kon Tum takeover. 1958 under the Republic of Vietnam, the bureaucracy is divided into Kon Tum Kon Tum administrative court – provincial administrative apparatus, including the area below Kon Tum, Dak Dak Konplong and Shoot.

In 1958, the Republic of Vietnam established Toumorong county. In 1959, the county continues to establish additional program means. In 1960, the county Konplong erased. In 1961, Kon Tum province left four county-level administrative units is Kon Tum, Dak, Dak Shoot, Toumorong.

In 1972, Vietnam renovation Republic detailed list of county Dak Dak Pet Zone Shoot to extend administrative functions. After the campaign Spring – Summer 1972, the Liberation Army of South Vietnam liberation Dak To – Tan Canh and the majority of rural areas, the control of the Republic of Vietnam significantly shrunk. County seat moved to pass Dak Morningstar; expenses Dak Pet Zone, Mang Den, Mang Buk isolation between the control of the Liberation Army. Republic of Vietnam forces largely concentrated only in Kon Tum City area.

In 1974, the Liberation Army attack completely destroyed limbs Dak Pet Zone, Mang Den, Mang Buk. Take advantage of opportunities to win big in Buon Ma Thuot, March 16, 1975, the Liberation Army and the people of the province were insurgents attacked the headquarters of the Republic of Vietnam in the inner city, captured the city and province Kon Tum.

October 1975, Kon Tum province merged with the province of Gia Lai Province Gia Lai – Kon Tum province has Kon Tum town and 3 districts of Dak Glei, Dak To, Kon Plong. October 10, 1978, establishing Sa Thay District.

August 21, 1991, Kon Tum province was re-established on the basis of separation of Gia Lai – Kon Tum into two new provinces of Gia Lai and Kon Tum. At the same time, established a new district established in 1992, Ngoc Hoi, Dak Ha founded in 1994, Kon Ray district established in 2002, and Tu Mo Rong district established in 2005. September 14 2009, Kon Tum town was upgraded to a city of Kon Tum. March 11, 2015, by Resolution of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly established on the basis of the district of Ia H’Drai detached from Sa Thay District. As of 2015, Kon Tum province has 1 city and 9 districts.

Kon Tum Province was officially established on February 9, 1913. However, the year 1950 as required by the resistance, Joint Commissioner V zones have merged the two provinces of Gia Lai and Kon Tum provinces of Gia-Kon. October 29, 1975, the Politburo decision established Gia Lai – Kon Tum. Kon Tum province was re-established on August 12, 1991, under Resolution of 9th Session VIII legislature, the separation Gia Lai – Kon Tum province’s two Gia Lai and Kon Tum. Much of the territory is located in the western province massif, terrain Low direction from north to south and from east to west. Kon Tum province’s capital city is now Kontum from Quy Nhon 215 km west of Ho Chi Minh City and 600 kilometers to the north.


Blog, Updated at: 10:46 PM

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